• ISSN Number

    ISSN 2771-019X
  • Impact Factor

    1.2*

Volume-4, Issue-2

Stress and wellbeing in farmers: The role of social and psychological capital and self-compassion hematoma

   Despite erroneous perceptions, farming as an occupation is one of high demands and stress, and is associated with a high prevalence of suicide. It is also associated with low levels of help-seeking. The current study aimed to explore stress and wellbeing in farmers with a focus on possible mediators and outcomes. Members of the farming community (n=274 -199 males and 75females) completed questionnaire measures of stress, loneliness, mental health and wellbeing, help seeking, coping and support.


Two cases of Kernohan-Woltman phenomenon were identified as secondary to traumatic brain injury caused by acute subdural hematoma

   The Kernohan-Woltman phenomenon is a rare but serious neurological condition that occurs as a result of uncal herniation. This happens when the brain’s uncus or temporal lobe moves downwards and presses against the brainstem, causing pressure on the contralateral cerebral peduncle. This pressure can result in compression and restricted blood flow to the affected area, leading to potentially severe neurological symptoms. The symptoms of Kernohan-Woltman phenomenon can vary depending on the extent of the herniation and the amount of pressure being applied to the cerebral peduncle.


Argon laser photocoagulation for the treatment of challenging iris cysts: A case series

   This case series presents three patients of varying ages, each with distinct manifestations of iris cysts, treated using different therapeutic approaches. In Case 1, a 15-year-old boy with a large iris cyst causing corneal edema and elevated intraocular pressure received cyst aspiration and ethanol injection initially. After recurrence, two sessions of argon laser photocoagulation were administered. Case 2 involved an 8-month-old infant with corneal edema and band keratopathy alongside a sizable iris cyst.


Chest CT imaging features of HIV/sars-cov-2 infected patients from the capital of Amazonas state

   The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARSCoV-2 on global public health, emphasizing its severity and the efforts made to enhance diagnostic practices and clinical management. Chest computed tomography (CT) has been widely used to assess complications caused by the virus, particularly in patients coinfected with HIV. The study evaluated 29 chest CT scans, comparing HIV+ and HIV- patients.


Axillary supernumerary breast, an atypical location for invasive lobular carcinoma, A case report

   The frequency of breast tissue outside the mammary gland, or supernumerary breast, is rare, with a reported incidence in women of 0.3 to 6% [1]. This tissue is typically located in the armpit [1,2], ectopic tissue can be the site of benign or malignant physiological variations similar to normally located breast tissue. The axilla is the most common site, while the sternal, infra-clavicular, epigastric, and vulvar regions have also been described. We report a case of infiltrating lobular carcinoma of the axillary supernumerary breast managed at the Tidjini HADDAM Cancer Center in Sidi bel abbes in ALGERIA.


Activating brown fat could be a healthy solution for weight loss

   Obesity is a sign of our times. It has various causes, including lack of exercise, laziness and a high-carbohydrate diet. Fortunately, there is a physiological way to lose weight: it is the activation of brown fat. This fat is designed by nature to generate warmth or heat and burn or consume calories in the process. The trigger for this is exposure to coolness and cold. Several methods exist for this purpose, the most effective of which is spending a few minutes in a cold chamber (cryotherapy). There are now a number of scientific studies that prove that this mechanism should be integrated into the weight loss routine.


Study of the atomic packing fraction, specific surface area and morphology index of pure titanium dioxide compound and doped with lead TiO2: Pb in different ratios

   In this research, additional physical parameters were calculated for previous parameters that were set for samples of pure titanium oxide compound doped with lead in different proportions according to (x = 0.2 - 0.5 - 0.7 - 0.9) in its three phases (anatase, brookite and rutile) by making use of X-ray diffraction diagrams. XRD, where the computational results of the atomic packing fraction PF, the morphology index MI, and the specific surface area S showed the structural changes that occur to the pure powder as a result of doping it with different proportions of lead.


Perforated Empyema Gallbladder Mimicking Ruptured Pancreatic Pseudocyst

   A pancreatic pseudocyst is a collection of amylase-rich fluid enclosed in a well-defined wall of fibrosed granulation tissue. It typically arises several weeks after the onset of acute pancreatitis, in the context of chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic trauma. This is a case of a 25-year-old man with pancreatic pseudocyst and underlying cholelithiasis. Patient developed a perforation of gallbladder, secondary to empyema, which imitated a pseudocyst rupture due to which his condition deteriorated further. The patient required surgical intervention.


Advances in the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy

   Diabetic peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of diabetes mellitus, and the number of patients is increasing year by year, which greatly affects the quality of life of patients. However, the pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy has not been adequately researched yet, and clinically there is a lack of effective therapeutic measures to reverse the disease. Aiming at the possible pathogenesis of diabetic peripheral neuropathy and the current application of rehabilitation therapy, Chinese medicine physiotherapy and pain medicine in the field of diabetic peripheral neuropathy, this paper summarized, in order to provide help for the treatment of diabetic peripheral neuropathy.


A comparative analysis of six prognostic systems for predicting 30-day in-hospital mortality in patients with acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding

   Acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a serious problem with a high incidence and significant mortality. The reliability of the recently introduced international prognostic system, ABC, which was designed with the aim of predicting 30-day mortality, has been demonstrated. However, it remains one of the least studied prognostic systems at present.


Extramedullary involvement in a patient with CD7+ and CD56+ Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) and PICALM-MLLT10 fusion gene: A challenging diagnosis and treatment

   The PICALM-MLLT10 fusion gene, generated by t (10;11) (p12-13; q14-21) translocation, is a rare event, described in various hematologic malignancies. In 2022 ELN classification, PICALM-MLLT10 was identified as acute myeloid leukemia (AML) with other rare recurring translocations. Data on clinical characteristics of PICALM–MLLT10 AML patients are scarce and outcome remains very poor in most patients. We report a case of PICALM-MLLT10 AML with CD7, CD56 coexpression and extramedullary disease.


Pharmacological activity of Selaginella doederleinii Hieron: An updated review

   Selaginella doederleinii, a medicinal herb of general recognition that is a member of Selaginellaceae family, is prevalent in Guangxi province, China. It is alternatively referred to as immortality grass. Presently, an abundance of research established that S. doederleinii possesses medicinal properties and is capable of a wide range of pharmacological actions. Parts of this plant are documented to possess diverse pharmacological activities in traditional medicine, with particular emphasis on the leaves, roots, and twigs.


Anti-hyperuricemia activity of some medicinal plants from Karawang, West Java, Indonesia: A review

   The utilization of various botanical species for the treatment of anti-uricemia has garnered interest as part of the search for alternative therapies. This review provides details regarding the potential therapeutic effects of specific botanical species in mitigating hyperuricemia. Treating hyperuricemia is primarily complicated by the limited efficacy of conventional therapies and the condition’s high prevalence.


Antihypertensive effects of some medicinal plants in Indonesia: A review

   Regarding the use of herbal medicines to treat hypertension (cardiovascular disease), efficacy and safety are of the utmost importance. At present, scholars are commencing the search for novel antihypertensive compound candidates derived from naturally occurring substances that have demonstrated antihypertensive effects through empirical evidence. Scholars are conducting this search as an alternative to the currently problematic antihypertensive drugs.


Antidyslipidemic activity of some medicinal plants from karawang, west java, indonesia: A review

   Hyperlipidemia is a secondary metabolic dysregulation related to increased levels of triglycerides, cholesterol, and LDL in the serum, which is a major risk factor for premature cardiovascular disease such as arthrosclerosis, hypertension, coronary heart disease, etc. Increased plasma lipid levels, especially total cholesterol, triglycerides, and LDL, along with decreased HDL, are known to cause hyperlipidemia, which is the reason for the initiation and progression of atherosclerosis. Currently, researchers are searching for natural ingredients that have been empirically proven to possess antidyslipidemia effects, in order to identify new antidyslipidemia compound candidates.


Anticoagulant activities of several active compounds from medicinal plants: A review

   Anticoagulants are classified as pharmaceutical agents that inhibit the development and expansion of clots. Despite its well-documented safety profile and extensive therapeutic efficacy against a wide range of diseases, this medication does possess perilous adverse effects. As a result, medicinal plants can be utilized as an alternative to anticoagulants due to their ability to mitigate potentially harmful side effects. A review of anticoagulant-active compounds derived from a variety of medicinal plants is the subject of this study.


Biomechanical evolution two types of TiO2 and AuNp implants after maxillofacial surgery

   In this study, we compare two different nanomaterials of dental implant materials from biomechanical properties in order to introduce a novel simulation method to choose the best materials for dental implants. Drilling process was performed in the cortical bone via finite element analysis simulation. The 3D model was derived of the produced hole of drilled site. So, we used as ITI design for dental implant model. We considered the change in the volume of the cortical bone around each implant to evaluating bone damage.


Revision of total knee arthroplasty with a hinge-type cemented total prosthesis and augments for the internal tibial plateau was performed following a periprosthetic fracture: Case report

   In this study, we present a case study of a patient who underwent a total knee replacement (TKA) and subsequently suffered a periprosthetic fracture. The surgical intervention was carried out without using a hemostatic band, and the postoperative treatment excluded the administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for the first 7 days. The periprosthetic fracture occurred in the left tibial plateau and was observed in a patient with a cemented knee prosthesis. To address this issue, a revision total knee arthroplasty was performed.


Navigating the Path to Student Retention: Exploring the impact of mentorship, preceptors, and clinical readiness

   This study further investigates the crucial factors that influence student retention rates, focusing on the impact of mentorship, preceptors, and clinical readiness. With the growing concern regarding student retention rates in higher education institutions, it is important to identify effective strategies that help enhance the retention rates. The study will adopt a mixed methods approach using quantitative and qualitative data combining survey and preceptor evaluations to gain insight into students’ experiences and perceptions while in a Bachelor of Science in Nursing program at a public university in the mid-west.


Musculoskeletal loading from road cycling and distance running on bone bending strength and BMD in athletes

   The purpose of this study was to determine whether chronic sport training comprising of low or nonimpact musculoskeletal loading in road cycling (CYC) and distance running (RUN) were associated with tibial and ulnar bending strength and calcaneus and wrist BMD in male athletes. Method. Study subjects included 12 road cyclists (CYC), 12 distance runners (RUN) and 12 physically active nonathletic (CON). Tibial and ulnar bending strength (EI, Nm2) were assessed using a mechanical response tissue analyzer (MRTA), and BMD (g/cm2) of the wrist and calcaneus were assessed using a peripheral X-ray absorptiometry.


Systemic anaplastic t-cell lymphoma and extracutaneous basal cell carcinoma: A unique combination

   Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL) constitute heterogeneous group of lymphopathies. There appears to be an increased risk of secondary cancers, particularly non-melanocytic skin tumors with a more aggressive behavior, in patients with non-hodgkin’s lymphoma [1]. We report the case of a patient hospitalized for the management of systemic lymphoma in whom a pigmented basal cell carcinoma (BCC) of the breast was discovered.


The off-label use with dabigatran in severe mitral stenosis

   History of presentation: A 41-year-old Chinese woman presenting with untreated shortness of breath or dyspnea after activities for 5 years and with worsening palpitation symptoms accompanied by edema of both lower limbs for 2 weeks was admitted to our Cardiology department. The patient’s vital signs on presentation included blood pressure of 95/77mmhg, heart rhythm is irregularly irregular with a loud S1 and low-pitched diastolic murmur at the apex; Bilateral inspiratory crackles in the lower lung fields; Moderate edema of both lower limbs. The rest of the physical examination did not show any obvious abnormalities.


Prognostic value of both pretreatment serum ferritin and serum lactate dehydrogenase in patients with Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma

   Several studies have shown the association between high pretreatment serum ferritin and poor prognosis in many malignancies, others studies have shown that LDH enzyme reflects the degree of cellular growth and its increase before treatment is associated with a decrease in overall survival in patients with lymphomas, especially aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Which prompted us to study the prognostic value of these parameters in patients with diffuse large B cell lymphoma.


An application of deep learning-based method (U-net) for left atrial segmentation from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

   This study aims to provide significant insights into the automatic left atrium (LA) segmentation from MRI images of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients using U-net that is a deep learning-based image segmentation technique. This segmentation task is important because it will allow researchers to simulate LA activities in real life before, during or after AF episodes. The dataset used in this study contains the MRI images from patients who went through catheter ablation as part of their prognosis of AF and then a follow up period ranging from 3 to 7 months.


Investigating the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and fibrosis in type 2 diabetics

   Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is very common in individuals with type 2 diabetes. The frequency of NAFLD in type 2 diabetics in our country and how many of these cases have fibrosis are unknown. This study aimed to determine the risk of fibrosis in type 2 diabetics with a noninvasive, easy method.


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